Influenza A in a basic training population: Implications for directly observed therapy

D. M. Rowles, E. A. Walter, D. M. Dolan, L. C. Canas, P. A. Meier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To describe our evaluation of basic trainees exposed to influenza A and our experience with mass prophylaxis. Methods: Using a structured interview, 101 individuals were evaluated for symptoms of influenza A. Nasopharyngeal wash specimens were obtained from symptomatic troops; amantadine prophylaxis was prescribed for all. Diagnosis was confirmed using a rapid influenza assay or shell vial culture. After completing prophylaxis, the group was reevaluated to determine medication compliance and perceived side effects. Results: At baseline, 80 trainees reported symptoms. Three additional cases of influenza were identified, two using the rapid assay. Reported compliance with amantadine prophylaxis was 46.5%. Conclusions: Nonspecific complaints that could be consistent with viral infection were numerous in this basic trainee cohort. The rapid assay allowed us to expediently identify additional patients, who were then removed from the cohort to limit further transmission. Compliance with prophylaxis was poor; thus, directly observed therapy is recommended.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)941-943
Number of pages3
JournalMilitary medicine
Volume165
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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