Recent attempts to reduce internal invalidity in studies employing pretest/posttest self-report in dices of improvement have included the refinement of methodologies employing retrospective reports of pre-treatment states. The present study investigated the operation of social desirability and impression management response bias on such retrospective measures. The results do not support the hypothesis of greater bias on retrospective measurement and, in fact, are in a direction that might suggest an in terpretation of reduced bias on such measures. The results also continue to support superior validity of retrospective over traditional pretest/posttest in dices of improvement following treatment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Psychology (miscellaneous)