Influence of psychiatric comorbidity on hiv risk behaviors: Changes during drug abuse treatment

Van L. King, Michael S. Kidorf, Kenneth B. Stoller, Robert K. Brooner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study evaluated whether psychiatric comorbidity is related to change in HIV high risk behaviors during outpatient drug abuse treatment. Participants were opioid abusers entering methadone treatment. Psychiatric and substance use diagnoses were determined at intake. Information on HIV high risk drug use and sexual behaviors, psychosocial functioning, and urine toxicology was assessed at intake and at month six. Subjects were divided into those with versus without a lifetime comorbid non-substance use psychiatric disorder. The comor-bid group reported more injection equipment sharing, lower rates of condom use, and higher rates of alcohol use at intake and follow-up. Overall injection drug use behavior decreased over the follow-up period for both groups, however. Methadone treatment had a beneficial effect on HIV risk behaviors, and though some risk behaviors improved significantly for both groups, comorbid subjects continued to have higher rates of HIV risk factors than noncomorbid subjects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-83
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Addictive Diseases
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 10 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • HIV risk
  • Methadone
  • Psychiatric comorbidity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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