Influence of fibre ingestion on carbohydrate utilization and absorption

J. Wahren, A. Juhlin‐Dannfeltx, O. Björkman, R. DeFronzo, P. Felig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Summary. To evaluate the mechanism whereby the addition of fibre to the diet lowers postprandial plasma glucose levels, the effects of ingestion of 10 g guar gum, a non‐absorbable storage polysaccharide, on carbohydrate utilization and absorption were examined in healthy subjects. Total glucose utilization independent of gastrointestinal absorption of glucose was determined by the hyperglycaemic clamp technique in which constant hyperglycaemia is maintained with a variable intravenous infusion of glucose. Net splanchnic glucose uptake was also measured. As compared to a control study without guar, ingestion of guar failed to increase total glucose utilization or the uptake of glucose by splanchnic tissues. In contrast, when guar was ingested together with 25 g D‐xylose, a nonmetabolizable pentose, blood xylose levels were 25–40% lower than when xylose was ingested alone (P<0·01). We conclude that the plasma‐glucose‐lowering effects of high‐fibre diets are a consequence of decreased carbohydrate absorption rather than increased total glucose utilization or augmented uptake of glucose by the liver.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-321
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Physiology
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1982
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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