Influence of combined intravenous and oral glucose administration on splanchnic glucose uptake in man

E. Ferrannini, L. D. Katz, M. G. Glickman, R. A. Defronzo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Summary. The influence of intravenous plus oral glucose administration on splanchnic glucose handling was examined in healthy young individuals by combining the hepatic vein catheterization technique with the double glucose tracer method. After 1 h of steady state hyperglycaemia (11·7 Itim) induced by intravenous glucose alone (hyperglycaemic clamp technique), subjects ingested 89 ± 1 g of glucose, and the hyper‐glycaemic plateau was maintained for the subsequent 4 h by adjusting the exogenous glucose infusion rate. Over the 4‐h absorptive period, only 51 ± 4 g of oral glucose (i.e. 58 ±4% of the ingested load) appeared in the systemic circulation, while 193 ± 15 g (1·072±0·083 mol) of glucose had to be infused exogenously to sustain the hyperglycaemia. Endogenous glucose production was suppressed by over 60%. Net splanchnic glucose balance switched from a positive value (i.e. net uptake) of 506 ± 2–56 uniol min‐1kg‐1with intravenous glucose alone (0·60 min) to a negative one (i.e. net output) of 12·50 ± 2·44 u. mol min‐1kg‐1during 4 h (60–300 min) of intravenous+oral glucose. The mean rate of splanchnic glucose uptake was estimated to be 6·39 ±4·67 ixmol min‐1kg‐1with intravenous glucose alone, and 8·83 ±4·28 u. mol min‐1kg‐1with intravenous+oral glucose. In either case, the large majority (80–90%) of the glucose appearing in the systemic circulation was disposed of by extrasplanchnic tissues. These results indicate that pre‐existing hyperglycaemia and/or hyperinsulinaemia inhibit gastrointestinal glucose absorption, and that oral glucose administration does not result in a major redistribution of intravenous glucose between splanchnic and extrasplanchnic tissues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)527-538
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Physiology
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1990
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • glucose metabolism
  • gut factor
  • oral glucose
  • splanchnic area

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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