The effects of arginine vasotocin (AVT) on the estrogen-induced surge of LH and FSH were examined in ovariectomized adult rats. Two and one-half weeks after ovariectomy, animals that were treated with a single subcutaneous (s.c.) dose of 5 μg of estradiol benzoate (EB) exhibited a surge of LH and FSH at 1700 and 1900 hours, respectively, two days after the administration of the EB. AVT, antidiuretic hormone (ADH) and oxytocin (OT) were administered s.c. in 1 μg dose every 4 hours beginning at 1500 hours on day 1 after EB treatment and then every 2 hours beginning at 1200 hours on day 2 after EB treatment. AVT completely prevented the LH surge at 1700 hours but was without effect on the FSH surge at 1900 hours on the day 2 after steroid treatment. Neither ADH nor OT had any significant effect on the afternoon surge of these hormones. It is postulated that AVT may interfere with the mechanisms mediating the estrogen-induced afternoon surge of LH in ovariectomized rats.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)