Influence of acute or chronic administration of ovarian hormones on the effects of desipramine in the forced swim test in female rats

Aparna Shah, Alan Frazer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations


Rationale: Gender may influence antidepressant (AD) treatment outcome. In order to address this preclinically, the potential effects of ovarian hormones on AD treatment in ovariectomized female rats were investigated. Objectives: In the first study, the effect of acute administration of estrogen and progesterone on the antidepressant-like effects of desipramine (DMI), a selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI), was investigated in the forced swimming test (FST). In the second study, the effect of chronic administration of these hormones on the effects of chronically administered DMI was investigated. Results: In the acute study, the hormones blocked the effects of DMI in the FST as demonstrated by the absence of either a reduction in immobility or an increase in climbing behavior in animals treated with DMI in combination with the hormones. Concentration-response experiments on hippocampal synaptosomes revealed no changes in the Km or Bmax for uptake of 3 H-NE in hormone-treated rats. In the chronic study, the antidepressant-like effects of DMI in the FST were not blocked by chronic administration of hormones. Interestingly, the hormones affected the serum concentrations of DMI. These levels were significantly higher in animals receiving 10 or 15 mg/kg/day in hormone-treated rats as compared to those with placebo. Conclusions: Acute administration of hormones blocked the effects of DMI (given three times over 24 h) in the FST. However, chronic administration of these hormones failed to block the effects of chronically administered DMI (at a dose that produces clinically relevant serum concentrations).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3685-3694
Number of pages10
Issue number18
StatePublished - Sep 2014



  • Antidepressant
  • Behavior
  • Depression
  • Desipramine
  • Estradiol
  • Forced swim test
  • Noradrenergic
  • Progesterone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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