Aim: To evaluate the influence of kilovoltage (kVp) and metal artifact reduction tool (MAR) on the magnitude of cone beam CT (CBCT) artifacts. Methods: A titanium and zirconia implants were inserted alternately in a posterior region of a mandible. CBCT exams were acquired with ProMax 3D (Planmeca Oy, Helsinki, Finland) and Picasso Trio machines (Vatech, Hwaseong, South Korea) using 70 kVp, 80 kVp and 90 kVp with and without MAR activation. The other exposure factors remained fixed at 5mA, field of view 80 × 50 mm and voxel 0.20 mm. The scans were performed before and after the insertion of the implants. Regions of interest were determined in different distances from the artifact production area (15, 25 and 35 mm) in an axial image, in which standard deviation (SD) of grayscale values was measured and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) was calculated. Analysis of variance was used to compare the data. Results: Overall, in cases where the artifact was pronounced, MAR was efficient in reducing SD values. MAR also improved the CNR of ProMax images, but did not affect the Picasso images. Additionally, the higher was the kVp, the lower was the SD value and the higher was the CNR in both machines. conclusion: In both machines, increasing kVp and MAR are effective in decreasing the CBCT artifacts in all their magnitude when they are pronounced. Therefore, the professionals should choose one of those options or even both considering the purpose of the CBCT imaging and radiation dose for the patient.
- Cone beam computed tomography
- Image quality
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging