Influence of a platelet concentrate on prosthetic bone ingrowth in a rabbit model.

Christopher D. Chaput, Kushal V. Patel, George W. Brindley, Marc A. Roux, Nianbin Hu, Anton Dmitriev, Bryan Cunningham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent studies have shown that an increase in bone ingrowth by addition of osteogenic growth factors can reduce micro motion and gross implant motion and contribute to joint implant stability through osseointegration. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has the potential to provide growth factors that may be conducive to osteointegration at the bone-implant interface. This study analyzed the influence of PRP on bone ingrowth upon a beaded metal implant in distal femurs of 22 rabbits. Rabbit limbs were randomly assigned to receive an implant plus PRP or plain implant. Half of the specimens were randomly assigned to a 2-week group (n = 20) or a 5-week group (n = 20). Histologic and histomorphometric comparison between implant alone and implant plus PRP, at 2 and 5 weeks, was performed. In both the 2- and 5-week comparisons, there was no statistical difference (p > .05) in bone ingrowth between the control and PRP group, despite a slight increase in trabecular bone growth in PRP groups. This study suggests that PRP is not a major contributing factor to bone ingrowth at the bone-implant interface. This supports growing evidence in the literature that PRP can lead to variable bone growth stimulation in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-163
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of surgical orthopaedic advances
Volume16
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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