Inflammatory signature after low dose γ-radiation in mice brain and gut: Switch from therapeutic benefit to inflammation

S. Aravindan, M. Natarajan, J. Veeraraghavan, T. S. Herman, Natarajan Aravindan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Low dose γ-radiation (LDIR) has been used as curative/adjuvant/ palliative treatment modality for a variety of medical conditions. However, LDIR has been casually linked to NFκB activation and inflammation. Here, we investigated the kinetics of cyto/chemokines and their influence on inflammation in normal tissues after LDIR. C57BL/6 mice exposed to LDIR (2-50cGy) and sacrificed after 1 h-8 days were examined for alterations in 95 cyto/chemokines in brain and gut (QPCR profiling) and selectively validated by assessing secreted levels (ELISA). Kinetics of LDIR-induced inflammation was assessed using DNA fragmentation and histomorphological changes in brain and gut. LDIR induced a dose-dependent upregulation of cyto/chemokines after 2-50cGy in both brain and gut. Two genes, Csf3 and Tnfα, were upregulated in a 'dose- and tissue-independent' manner. Transcriptional kinetics revealed induction of more genes both in brain and gut in early response time (1-48 h) after LDIR. Conversely, only few genes upregulated and more genes downregulated in these tissues after extended response (4-8 days) period. DNA fragmentation and histomorphological analysis revealed consistent dose-, time- and tissue-dependent inflammation after LDIR. Also, serum levels of TNF-α, VEGFA, IFN-γ, GM-CSF, MCP-1 reinstigates the inflammatory signature after LDIR. Together, these results suggest that LDIR significantly inflicts a dose- and tissue-dependent inflammation in normal tissues and this induced inflammation may equivocate over-time and, hence frequency of LDIR use may control the switch from therapeutic benefit to inflammatory response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)405-418
Number of pages14
JournalEuropean Journal of Inflammation
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Keywords

  • Cytokines
  • Inflammation
  • Low-dose radiation
  • Normal tissue injury
  • Radiation injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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