Inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis at its hepatic portion (also known as obliterative hepatocavopathy [OH]), in the absence of systemic or local diseases such as vasculitis, coagulopathy, infection and malignancy, is a rare event. We report the case of a 25-yearold woman with progressive abdominal pain and leg edema after exercise. Imaging showed congestive liver and IVC occlusion at the intrahepatic portion. A liver biopsy demonstrated portal congestion without evidence of fibrosis; after unsuccessful percutaneous attempts for recanalization, consideration was given to liver transplantation with IVC reconstruction versus IVC bypass. Due to the presence of preserved liver function, an externally supported 16-mm ringed polytetrafluoroethylene graft was used to bypass from the suprarenal IVC to the suprahepatic IVC. At five years, she remains symptom-free, with normal liver function and a patent graft on systemic anticoagulation. This report highlights the successful surgical management of a patient with OH with a thick membrane. It supports other published proposals that this entity differs significantly from classic Budd.Chiari syndrome with thrombosis that affects only the hepatic veins and, thus, OH should be approached and managed differently.
- Budd-Chiari syndrome
- Infra-suprahepatic inferior vena cava bypass
- Obliterative hepatocavopathy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine