Infant colic is a diagnosis of exclusion; its true cause is not known. To rule out alternative diagnoses, obtain a detailed history, look for dues to an underlying organic disease or genetic syndrame, and perform regular head-ta-tae physical examinations. The interventions most commonly used to treat colic include modification of parental behavior (such as increased carrying of the infant or decreased infant stimulation), milk- and/or soy-free formulas, modifications in the diet of a breast-feeding mother, soothing measures (such as car rides, rocking, or use of a pacifier), antichalinergic agents, sedatives, and alternative medicine approaches (such as sucrose solution, herbal teas, or infant massage). The medications used to treat calic - such as antispasmadics and antichalinergics - can have serious adverse effects; discuss the pros and cons of drug therapy with parents before prescribing these agents. Remind parents that calic resolves by age 3 to 4 months, regardless of the intervention used.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2003|
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