Induction of NF-χB during monocyte differentiation is associated with activation of HIV-gene expression

G. E. Griffin, K. Leung, T. M. Folks, S. Kunkel, G. J. Nabel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cells of the monocyte-macrophage lineage are important targets of HIV infection. We report here that the phenotypic differentiation of monocyte cell lines induced by phorbol esters or tumour necrosis factor α (TNFα) is associated with expression of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-χB). In parallel with such differentiation, HIV transcription, monitored using an HIV long terminal repeat reporter gene construct, is activated in such cells under the influence of enhanced NF-χB expression. Also, in a promonocyte cell line chronically infected with HIV, NF-χB expression and HIV transcription were enhanced on stimulation with phorbol ester or TNFα. Thus, stimulation of monocyte cell lines by phorbol esters or TNFα induces cell differentiation and activates HIV transcription. Such a process may have fundamental implications in AIDS pathogenesis in vivo and may be important in disease progression induced by opportunistic infections directly or indirectly involving macrophages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-238
Number of pages6
JournalResearch in Virology
Volume142
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

NF-kappa B
Monocytes
Phorbol Esters
HIV
Gene Expression
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Cell Line
Monocyte-Macrophage Precursor Cells
Macrophages
HIV Long Terminal Repeat
Opportunistic Infections
Reporter Genes
HIV Infections
Disease Progression
Cell Differentiation
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Cell maturation
  • HIV
  • Macrophage
  • Monocyte
  • NF-χB
  • Phorbol ester
  • TNFα
  • Transcription

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Virology

Cite this

Induction of NF-χB during monocyte differentiation is associated with activation of HIV-gene expression. / Griffin, G. E.; Leung, K.; Folks, T. M.; Kunkel, S.; Nabel, G. J.

In: Research in Virology, Vol. 142, No. 2-3, 1991, p. 233-238.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Griffin, G. E. ; Leung, K. ; Folks, T. M. ; Kunkel, S. ; Nabel, G. J. / Induction of NF-χB during monocyte differentiation is associated with activation of HIV-gene expression. In: Research in Virology. 1991 ; Vol. 142, No. 2-3. pp. 233-238.
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