Induction of interleukin-1 associated with compensatory dopaminergic sprouting in the denervated striatum of young mice: Model of aging and neurodegenerative disease

Angela Ho, Mariann Blum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

106 Scopus citations

Abstract

Young mice challenged with the neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6- tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), which selectively destroys the substantia nigra dopaminergic neurons in the midbrain, exhibit spontaneous recovery of dopaminergic nerve terminals. However, such recovery becomes attenuated with age. Here we report that newly sprouted fibers originate from spared dopaminergic neurons in the ventral tegmental area. We found that interleukin-1 (IL-1), an immune response-generated cytokine that can enhance dopaminergic sprouting when exogenously applied, increased dramatically in the denervated striatum of young mice (2 months) compared with middle-aged mice (8 months) after MPTP treatment. Young mice displayed a maximal 500% induction of IL-la synthesis that remained elevated for several weeks in the dorsal and ventral striatum, whereas middle-aged mice exhibited a modest 135% induction exclusively in the dorsal striatum for a week. IL-1α immunoreactivity was localized in GFAP-immunoreactive hypertrophied astrocytes and neurons within the denervated striatum of young mice. However, no induction of IL-1α mRNA was seen in the midbrain in either age group despite glial activation. Because we have reported that IL-1 can regulate astroglia-derived dopaminergic neurotrophic factors, it was surprising that no changes were observed in acidic and basic fibroblast growth factor or glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor mRNA levels associated with MPTP-induced plasticity of dopaminergic neurons in the striatum of young mice. Interestingly, we found that dopaminergic neurons express IL-1 receptors, thus suggesting that IL-1α could directly act as a target-derived dopaminergic neurotrophic factor to initiate or enhance the sprouting of dopaminergic axonal terminals. These findings strongly suggest that IL-lα could play an important role in MPTP-induced plasticity of dopaminergic neurons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5614-5629
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume18
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Compensatory sprouting
  • Dopaminergic neurons
  • Growth factors
  • IL-1
  • MPTP
  • Parkinson's disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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