Induction of ATP depletion, intramembrane particle aggregation and exposure of membrane phospholipids in chicken erythrocytes by local anesthetics and tranquilizers

Yair Gazitt, Abraham Loyter, Itzhak Ohad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Incubation of chicken erythrocytes with 1 mM tetracaine, 10 mM lidocaine and 0.24-0.48 mM chlorpromazine significantly reduced the ATP content of the cells, while procaine even at concentrations as high as 10 mM had only a slight effect. When chlorpromazine was used, it was found that the final level of the ATP was dependent on the drug concentration, which at 0.48 mM depletes the cells to about 10% of the initial ATP content. The ATP depletion of chicken erythrocytes was accompanied by dephosphorylation of certain membrane proteins which were identified by acrylamide gel electrophoresis as an 180 000 dalton protein band and peptides with molecular weight of 60 000-100 000. Treatment of chicken and rat erythrocytes with 0.5 mM tetracaine and 1 mM lidocaine or with 0.48 mM chlorpromazine induced significant aggregation of intramembrane particles as revealed by the freeze-etching technique. Procaine (10 mM) had no effect. Incubation of chicken erythrocytes with the above-mentioned drugs induced also exposure of the masked membrane phospholipids to the action of phospholipase-C (Bacillus cereus) and to phospholipase A2 (bee venom). Negligible amounts of phospholipids were hydrolyzed in the untreated cells, while about 40% of the membrane phosphatidylethanolamine and 50% of the phosphatidylcholine were hydrolyzed by phospholipase A2 in chicken erythrocytes treated with 0.48 mM chlorpromazine. Treatment of chicken and rat erythrocytes with 0.48 mM chlorpromazine resulted also in an increase in the amount of the phospholipid fraction which could be extracted by dry ether. About 41% and 60% of phospholipids were respectively, as compared to 25% and 35% of phospholipids extracted from the same untreated cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)361-371
Number of pages11
JournalBBA - Biomembranes
Volume471
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 1977
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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