Indications and complications of intravenous devices for chemotherapy

César O. Freytes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Vascular access devices (VADs) are frequently used in patients with cancer. Vascular access devices can be divided into external catheters and subcutaneous venous access ports. Each type of device has its advantages and disadvantages, but the indications and optimal use of specific VADs remain to be defined. There are multiple complications of VADs but, with the exception of catheter-related bloodstream infections and thrombosis, most complications are rare. The use of VADs impregnated with antibiotic reduces the rates of catheter colonization and catheter-related bloodstream infections as compared with the use of unimpregnated catheters for short-term use. Thrombosis remains a major complication of VADs, and prospective, controlled studies are needed to clearly define the risk factors, natural history, and optimal treatment of this complication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-307
Number of pages5
JournalCurrent opinion in oncology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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