Increased prevalence of microvascular complications in type 2 diabetes patients with the metabolic syndrome

Muhammad Abdul-Ghani, Gamal Nawaf, Fawaz Nawaf, Baruch Itzhak, Oscar Minuchin, Pnina Vardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


Background: Microvascular complications of diabetes contribute significantly to the disease morbidity. The metabolic syndrome is common among subjects with diabetes and is a very important risk factor for macrovascular complications. However, its contribution to the microvascular complication has not been assessed. Objectives: To assess the risk of microvascular complications associated with the metabolic syndrome in diabetes subjects. Methods: The study group comprised 415 diabetic subjects attending a primary care clinic. The prevalence of microvascular complications was compared between 270 diabetic subjects with metabolic syndrome (NCEP-III criteria) and 145 diabetic patients without. Results: We found that as a group, diabetic subjects with metabolic syndrome had a significantly higher frequency of microvascular-related complications than diabetic subjects without the syndrome (46.6% and 26.8% respectively, P = 0.0005). These include microalbuminuria (41.5% vs. 23.9%, P = 0.013), neuropathy (10.4% vs. 7.5%, P = 0.38), retinopathy (9.6% vs. 4.1%, P = 0.046) and leg ulcers (7.9% vs. 2.8%, P = 0.044). After adjustment for age, gender, glycemic control, disease duration, lipid profile and blood pressure, metabolic syndrome was associated with a significantly higher risk of microvascular complications: odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for nephropathy 2.27 (1.53-3.34), neuropathy 1.77 (0.79-4.0), retinopathy 3.42 (1.2-9.87), and leg ulcers 3.57 (1.08-11.95). Conclusions: In addition to hyperglycemia and disease duration, the metabolic syndrome is a significant risk factor for the development of microvascular complications in diabetic subjects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)378-382
Number of pages5
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2006


  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Microvascular complications
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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