Increased extracellular matrix synthesis and mRNA in mesangial cells grown in high-glucose medium

S. H. Ayo, R. A. Radnik, W. F. Glass, J. A. Garoni, E. R. Rampt, D. R. Appling, J. I. Kreisberg

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278 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nodular expansion of glomerular mesangium with increased amounts of extracellular matrix (ECM) material is pathognomic of diabetic nephropathy. The precise mechanisms involved in this accumulation are unknown. Recently, we reported using a solid-phase enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique that glomerular mesangial cells, the principal cell type residing in glomerular mesangium, accumulate 50-60% more fibronectin (FN), laminin (LM), and type IV collagen (T-IV) when cultured in medium containing high glucose (30 mM) (S. H. Ayo, R. A. Rodnik, J. Garoni, W. F. Glass II, and J. I. Kreiberg, Am. J. Pathol. 136: 1339-1348, 1990). ECM assembly is controlled by its rate of synthesis and degradation, as well as its binding and rate of incorporation into the ECM. To elucidate the mechanisms involved, pulse-chase experiments were designed to estimate ECM protein synthesis from the incorporation of Trans-35S ([35S]methionine, [35S]cysteine) into immunoprecipitated FN, LM, and T-IV. mRNA levels were examined, and degradation rates were estimated from the disappearance of radioactivity from matrix proteins in mesangial cells previously incubated with Trans-35S. One week of growth in 30 mM glucose resulted in ~40-50% increase in the synthesis of all three matrix proteins compared with 10 mM glucose-grown cells. This was accompanied by a significant increase in the transcripts for all three matrix proteins (approximately twofold). The specific activity of the radiolabel in trichloroacetic acid-precipitable cell protein showed no difference between cells grown in 10 or 30 mM glucose, indicating that total protein synthesis was unchanged. After 1 wk, the rate of FN, LM, and T-IV collagen degradation was unchanged. Thus the increase in matrix transcripts and synthesis of FN, LM, and T-IV contributes significantly to the increased accumulation of these matrix proteins in mesangial cells grown in 30 mM glucose and, similarly, may also be involved in the increased deposition of these proteins in the diabetic mesangium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)F185-F191
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology
Volume260
Issue number2 29-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diabetic mesangium
  • Fibronectin
  • Laminin
  • Type IV collagen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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