Incidence of micronuclei in human peripheral blood lymphocytes exposed to modulated and unmodulated 2450MHz radiofrequency fields

Vijayalaxmi, Abhishek B. Reddy, Raymond J. Mckenzie, Robert L. Mcintosh, Thomas J. Prihoda, Andrew W. Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations


Peripheral blood samples from four healthy volunteers were collected and aliquots were exposed in vitro for 2h to either (i) modulated (wideband code division multiple access, WCDMA) or unmodulated continuous wave (CW) 2450MHz radiofrequency (RF) fields at an average specific absorption rate of 10.9W/kg or (ii) sham-exposed. Aliquots of the same samples that were exposed in vitro to an acute dose of 1.5Gy ionizing gamma-radiation (GR) were used as positive controls. Half of the aliquots were treated with melatonin (Mel) to investigate if such treatment offers protection to the cells from the genetic damage, if any, induced by RF and GR. The cells in all samples were cultured for 72h and the lymphocytes were examined to determine the extent of genetic damage assessed from the incidence of micronuclei (MN). The results indicated the following: (i) the incidence of MN was similar in incubator controls, and those exposed to RF/sham and Mel alone; (ii) there were no significant differences between WCDMA and CW RF exposures; (iii) positive control cells exposed to GR alone exhibited significantly increased MN; and (iv) Mel treatment had no effect on cells exposed to RF and sham, while such treatment significantly reduced the frequency of MN in GR-exposed cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)542-548
Number of pages7
Issue number7
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013



  • Binucleate cells
  • Genotoxicity
  • Melatonin
  • Micronuclei

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Physiology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this