Incidence and management of leukopenia/neutropenia in 233 kidney transplant patients following single dose alemtuzumab induction

A. Smith, R. Couvillion, R. Zhang, M. Killackey, J. Buell, B. Lee, B. H. Saggi, A. S. Paramesh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and management strategies for post-transplant leukopenia/neutropenia in kidney recipients receiving alemtuzumab induction during the first year following transplantation. Methods. We prospectively identified 233 adult patients who underwent kidney transplantation with alemtuzumab induction at a single institution. The incidence and severity of leukopenia (white blood cell count [WBC]≤2500/mm3) and neutropenia (absolute neutrophil count [ANC] ≤500/mm3) were evaluated at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months post-transplantation. We determined any association with cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, graft rejection, and infections requiring hospitalization. We also reviewed interventions performed, including medication adjustments, treatment with granulocyte stimulating factor, and hospitalization. Results. The combined incidence of either leukopenia or neutropenia was 47.5% (n = 114/233) with an average WBC nadir of 1700 ± 50/mm3 at 131.0 ± 8.5 days and an average ANC nadir of 1500 ± 100/mm3 at 130.4 ± 9.6 days. No significant difference in graft rejection, CMV infection, or infections requiring hospitalization was found in the leukopenia/ neutropenia group vs the normalWBCgroup (P=.3). The most common intervention performed for leukopenia/neutropenia group was prophylactic medication adjustment. Six patients (5.2%) required a change in >1 medication. The majority of these patients also required granulocyte stimulating factor (61.5%; 32/52), with an average of 2.5 doses given. A total of 25 patients (21.9%) required hospitalization due to leukopenia/neutropenia with an average length of stay of 6 days. Conclusions. Kidney transplant patients receiving alemtuzumab induction required significant interventions due to leukopenia/neutropenia in the first year post-transplantation. These results suggest the need for additional studies aimed at defining the optimum management strategies of leukopenia/neutropenia in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3400-3404
Number of pages5
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume46
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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