Incidence and anatomic presentation of cutaneous malignant melanoma in central Canada during a 50-year period: 1956 to 2005

Deepak K. Pruthi, Regan Guilfoyle, Zoann Nugent, Marni C. Wiseman, Alain A. Demers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Incidence rates of cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) have increased worldwide. Long-term studies examining rates and anatomic site-specific incidence on a population-based level are infrequent. Objective: We sought to examine the historical changes in the incidence and anatomic site presentation of CMM during a 50-year period in Manitoba, Canada. Methods: Using population-based data, all first diagnoses of CMM reported between 1956 and 2005 were identified. Age-specific rates, age-standardized incidence rates, and anatomic sites were recorded. Results: Incidence rates of CMM slowed for each sex beginning in 1981 for female patients and 1992 for male patients. Annual percent change revealed decreasing rates among male patients younger than 40 years (1992-2005: -5.3% [P = .03]) and female patients younger than 40 years (1987-2005: -1.8% [P = .15]). Similarly, middle-aged individuals (age 40-59 years) also had diminished annual percent change (men 1992-2005: 0.6% [P = .65]; women 1983-2005: -0.3% [P = .68]). The annual percent change for older men and women (60-79 and ≥80 years) continued to increase. Anatomic site-specific analyses revealed that the trunk was the most frequent site of CMM for young male patients (<60 years) whereas the lower extremities were the most common among young female patients (<60 years). Incidence rates for each site, however, are slowing. Among those aged 60 years and older, the rates for each anatomic site increased. Limitations: Determining changes in tumor thickness would have been useful in determining whether the nature of tumors have changed over time; however, this is not recorded in our registry. Conclusion: The rates of CMM are slowing; however, this change is confined to younger individuals. Anatomic site-specific CMMs are changing; rates among older individuals continue to increase for both sexes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)44-50
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Volume61
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • epidemiology
  • melanoma
  • population surveillance
  • skin neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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