In vivo hydroxyapatite scaffold performance in infected bone defects

Joseph J. Pearson, Nicholas Gerken, Chunsik Bae, Kyu Bok Lee, Arpan Satsangi, Sean McBride, Mark R. Appleford, David D Dean, Jeffrey O. Hollinger, Joo L. Ong, Teja Guda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Critically sized bone defects are often compounded by infectious complications. The standard of care consists of bone autografts with systemic antibiotics. These injuries and treatments lead to donor site morbidity, antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria, and often end stage amputation. This study proposes an alternative to the autograft using a porous, hydroxyapatite (HA) scaffold evaluated with and without infection and antibiotics. Twenty-four New Zealand white rabbits received either our HA scaffold or a pulverized autograft (PBA) within a surgically created critical-sized defect in the femur. The two grafts were evaluated in either septic or aseptic defects and with or without antibiotic treatment. The HA scaffolds were characterized with micro computed tomography. Post-euthanasia, micro computed tomography, histology, and white blood cells component analysis were completed. The HA had significantly greater (p <.001) mineralization to total volume than the PBA groups with 27.56% and 14.88%, respectively, and the septic HA groups were significantly greater than the aseptic groups both with and without antibiotics (p =.016). The bone quality denoted by bone mineral density was also significantly greater (p <.001) in the HA groups (67.01 ± 0.38 mgHA/cm3) than the PBA groups (64.66 ± 0.85 mgHA/cm3). The HA scaffold is a viable alternative to the bone autograft in defects with and without infection as shown by the quality and quantity of bone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

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Keywords

  • bone graft
  • calcium phosphate(s)
  • hydroxyapatite
  • infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

Pearson, J. J., Gerken, N., Bae, C., Lee, K. B., Satsangi, A., McBride, S., Appleford, M. R., Dean, D. D., Hollinger, J. O., Ong, J. L., & Guda, T. (Accepted/In press). In vivo hydroxyapatite scaffold performance in infected bone defects. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbm.b.34466