In vivo α1-adrenergic lipolytic activity in subcutaneous adipose tissue of obese subjects

M. Flechtner-Mors, C. P. Jenkinson, A. Alt, G. Adler, H. H. Ditschuneit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The role of α1-adrenoceptors in lipid mobilization and blood flow was investigated in situ using microdialysis of subcutaneous adipose tissue in severely obese subjects. The lipolysis rate was assessed by determination of interstitial glycerol concentration. The α1-adrenoceptor agonist norfenefrine caused an increase in glycerol level in adipose tissue that was similar to that observed with the physiologic α1,21-adrenoceptor agonist norepinephrine, whereas the α1-adrenoceptor antagonist urapidil showed no effect on basal lipolysis rate. However, the enhanced glycerol concentration due to norfenefrine and norepinephrine was suppressed in the presence of urapidil. The β-adrenoceptor antagonist propranolol showed no effect on norfenefrine-stimulated glycerol outflow. Blood flow was assessed using the ethanol escape technique. Perfusion with norfenefrine decreased blood flow, whereas urapidil enhanced blood flow significantly. Despite the increase in blood flow, the basal interstitial glycerol concentration remained unchanged. Although norfenefrine at high concentrations could inhibit the urapidil-induced increase in blood flow, the norfenefrine-induced glycerol output was not affected. These results demonstrate that α1-adrenoceptors are involved in regulation of lipolysis rate and microcirculation of adipose tissue. However, the observed changes in local blood flow were not related to glycerol output.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-233
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume301
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

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