In vitro production of angiotensin II by isolated glomeruli

B. A. Atiyeh, B. S. Arant, W. L. Henrich, M. G. Seikaly

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    29 Scopus citations


    The glomerulus has several components of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of glomeruli isolated from adult Wistar-Kyoto rats to produce angiotensin II (ANG II). When isolated glomeruli were incubated in Krebs buffer, the peak concentration of immunoreactive angiotensin (ANG) in the incubation medium, representing simultaneous production and degradation, occurred after 15 min of incubation (3.98 ± 0.34 pg·mg protein-1. 15 min-1), of which 18% was ANG II. When 125I-labeled ANG II was incubated with isolated glomeruli, the half-life of ANG II was 6.06 min. Hence, we estimated ANG II production at 3.77 ± 0.21 pg·mg protein-1. 15 min-1. When angiotensinogen-rich serum was added to the incubation medium, ANG concentration at 15 min increased by 500-fold (1,978 ± 44 pg·mg protein-1. 15 min-1, P < 0.001). ANG concentration in the glomerular incubate responded to perturbations known to alter systemic RAS. Enalaprilat, chymostatin, propranolol, and renin antiserum decreased ANG concentration in glomerular incubate, whereas salt depletion increased this (P < 0.05). We conclude that the rat glomerulus can generate ANG II independent of neural, hormonal, or vascular control.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)F266-F272
    JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology
    Issue number2 37-2
    StatePublished - Feb 1995


    • Angiotensinogen
    • Enalaprilat
    • Glomerulus
    • High-performance liquid chromatography
    • Propranolol
    • Radioimmunoassay
    • Rat
    • Renin
    • Renin antiserum

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physiology


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