In vitro and in vivo activities of posaconazole and amphotericin B in a murine invasive infection by Mucor circinelloides: Poor efficacy of posaconazole

Valentina Salas, F. Javier Pastor, Enrique Calvo, Eduardo Alvarez, Deanna A. Sutton, Emilio Mayayo, Anette W. Fothergill, Michael G. Rinaldi, Josep Guarro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

The in vitro susceptibility of 17 strains of Mucor circinelloides to amphotericin B and posaconazole was ascertained by using broth microdilution and disk diffusion methods and by determining the minimal fungicidal concentration (MFC). We evaluated the efficacy of posaconazole at 40 mg/kg of body weight/day and amphotericin B at 0.8 mg/kg/day in a neutropenic murine model of disseminated infection by M. circinelloides by using 6 different strains tested previously in vitro. In general, most of the posaconazole MICs were within the range of susceptibility or intermediate susceptibility, while the small inhibition zone diameters (IZDs) were indicative of nonsusceptibility for all isolates tested. The MFCs were ≥3 dilutions higher than the corresponding MICs. In contrast, amphotericin B showed good activity against all of the strains tested regardless of the method used. The in vivo studies demonstrated that amphotericin B was effective in prolonging survival and reducing the fungal load. Posaconazole showed poor in vivo efficacy with no correlation with the MIC values. The results suggested that posaconazole should be used with caution in the treatment of infections caused by Mucor circinelloides or by strains of Mucor not identified to the species level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2246-2250
Number of pages5
JournalAntimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
Volume56
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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