Exosomes that contain various signaling molecules, such as proteins, nucleotides, metabolites, and lipids, are important for intercellular communication. Dendritic cells (DC) are central regulators of anti-tumor immunity but can be suppressed by tumor-derived exosomes (TDEs) in the tumor microenvironment. Here, we describe a step-by-step protocol for TDE isolation and evaluation of TDEs on DCs both in vitro and ex vivo with high repeatability. This approach is useful for the interrogating TDE-DC interactions and identification of novel immune regulators. For complete details on the use and execution of this protocol, please refer to Yin et al. (2020).
- Cell-based assays
- Flow cytometry/mass cytometry
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)