Objectives: The purpose of this study is to analyze the in situ effect of a casein phosphopeptide-stabilized amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) chewing gum on human enamel erosion lesion associated or not with abrasion. Material and methods: A three-way crossover study of 7 days was conducted involving 10 volunteers subjected to the same protocol: (G1) CPP-ACP sugar-free chewing gum, (G2) regular sugar-free chewing gum without CPP-ACP, and (G3) saliva—no chewing gum. An abrasion test was included in each phase. A 3D non-contact profilometry measurement of lesion depth and surface roughness was obtained of sound and eroded surfaces. A salivary calcium concentration was determined for all volunteers. ANOVA followed by Tukey’s test were used with a p < 0.05. Results: The enamel depth and the enamel surface roughness of the CPP-ACP gum group were significantly lower than the others (ANOVA, p < 0.05). No significant differences were observed between the treatments when associated with abrasion (p > 0.05). A positive and significant correlation was seen between the lesion depth and enamel surface roughness for GI (r = 0.87, p = 0.00) and GIII (r = 0.79, p = 0.00) groups. The estimated total calcium presented in the saliva after the chewed CPP-ACP gum showed no statistical significance between the mean absorbance values at the different time collections (p > 0.05). Conclusions: It is demonstrated that the incorporation of the CPP-ACP into a sugar-free gum significantly increased the remineralization/protection of eroded enamel surface. Clinical relevance: The CPP-ACP added to gum may be a suitable alternative vehicle, to deliver calcium ions to saliva and therefore protecting enamel.
- Calcium phosphate
- Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous
ASJC Scopus subject areas