Improvement of thrombocytopenia due to hypersplenism after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt placement in cirrhotic patients

Oscar A. Alvarez, Gustavo A. Lopera, Vinaychandra Patel, Carlos E. Encarnacion, Julio C. Palmaz, Makau Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Thrombocytopenia secondary to hypersplenism is a well-known complication of portal hypertension. The effects of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) on hypersplenism have not been adequately studied. In this report, we describe 11 patients who had significant improvement in their thrombocytopenia due to hypersplenism after TIPS. There was a statistically significant improvement in the platelet counts after TIPS placement, in virtually every case during the follow-up period, although some patients had platelet counts less than 100,000/mm3 at the end of the follow- up period. Statistically significant hemodynamic improvement in the gradient pressure was observed immediately after TIPS. Furthermore, all patients tolerated the procedure well, and no TIPS-related complications were encountered during the follow-up period. Our data suggest that TIPS is an effective, noninvasive alternative to surgical interventions in the management of hypersplenism in cirrhotic patients, who are generally high- risk surgical candidates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)134-137
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume91
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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