Improvement of binding of Puumala virus neutralization site resembling peptide with a second-generation phage library

Tuomas Heiskanen, Xiao Dong Li, Jussi Hepojoki, Elisabeth Gustafsson, Ake Lundkvist, Antti Vaheri, Hilkka Lankinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


We have previously selected a peptide insert FPCDRLSGYWERGIPSPCVR recognizing the Puumala virus (PUUV) G2-glycoprotein-specific neutralizing monoclonal antibody (MAb) 1C9 with Kd of 2.85 × 10-8 from a random peptide library X2CX14CX2 expressed on the pIII protein of the filamentous phage fd-tet. We have now created a second-generation phage-displayed peptide library in which each amino acid of the peptide was mutated randomly to another with a certain probability. Peptides were selected for higher affinity for MAb 1C9 and for a common binding motif for MAb 4G2 having an overlapping epitope with MAb 1C9 in G2 glycoprotein. The resulting peptides were synthesized as spots on cellulose membrane. Amino acid changes which improved the reactivity of the peptides to MAb 1C9 were combined in the peptide ATCDKLFGYYERGIPLPCAL with Kd of 1.49 × 10-9 in biosensor measurements. Our results show that the binding properties of peptides, the affinity and the specificity can be improved and the binding specificity determining amino acids and structural factors can be analyzed by combining binding assays with synthetic peptides on membrane with the use of second-generation phage display libraries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)443-450
Number of pages8
JournalProtein Engineering
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Epitope
  • Hantavirus
  • Peptide
  • Phage
  • Second-generation library

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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