Implementing guidelines and systems of care: Experiences with the Texas Medication Algorithm Project (TMAP)

A. John Rush, M. Lynn Crismon, Marcia G. Toprac, Steven P. Shon, William V. Rago, Alexander L. Miller, Trisha Suppes, Madhukar H. Trivedi, Melanie M. Biggs, Kathy Shores-Wilson, T. Michael Kashner, Kenneth Z. Altshuler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


The goal of the Texas Medication Algorithm Project (TMAP) is to develop and prospectively evaluate the clinical and economic impact of medication treatment algorithms in the treatment of patients with severe and persistent mental illness (schizophrenia and bipolar and major depressive disorders) in the public sector. The project has four phases: 1) the development based on scientific evidence and clinical consensus of specific, step-wise sequences of when and how to use various psychotropic medications for each condition; 2) a feasibility trial to evaluate the suitability, applicability, and resources needed to implement these algorithms and to provide preliminary estimates of effectiveness; 3) a prospective comparison of the clinical and economic costs and benefits of the medication algorithms against treatment-as-usual; and 4) the implementation of the algorithms on a system-wide basis. We report our experience to date in developing and implementing these algorithms in the first two phases of TMAP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-86
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Practical Psychiatry and Behavioral Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Algorithms
  • Consensus guidelines
  • Patient education
  • Public sector patients
  • Severe and persistent mental illnesses
  • Systems of care
  • Texas medication algorithm project

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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