Implementation of universal tumor screening of colorectal cancer for detection of lynch syndrome at a hispanic-rich county hospital

Tyler W. Snedden, Andrew McCracken, Anusha Vaidyanathan, Anna Taranova, Roberto Villarreal, Samina Qamar, Sukeshi Patel Arora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

INTRODUCTION In 2014, a reflexive screening protocol for Lynch syndrome (LS) via an immunohistochemistry (IHC) assay was shown to be cost-effective; however, the screening rates at a predominant Hispanic-rich institution are unclear. We hypothesized that implementation of a universal tumor screening (UTS) protocol requiring screening for LS via IHC in patients with newly diagnosed colorectal cancer (CRC) at our Hispanic-rich institution would improve detection of LS by increasing screening rates. METHODS AND MATERIALS This is a retrospective analysis of screening rates of 3 sequential cohorts of newly diagnosed patients with CRC between January 2012 and April 2016 at the University Health System and with follow-up at National Cancer Institute–designated Mays Cancer Center at University of Texas Health San Antonio. Cohort 1 consisted of patients screened using old screening guidelines (PRE). Cohort 2 consisted of patients screened when treating clinicians were receiving education on the new protocol (PERI). Cohort 3 consisted of patients screened after implementation of the UTS protocol (POST). RESULTS The majority of 312 patients were Hispanic (62.5%), 18.1% were, 50 years, and 81.9% were $ 50 years of age (median age, 57 years). Of patients with CRC screened for LS via IHC, the PRE, PERI, and POST cohorts had screening rates of 31%, 64%, and 58%, respectively. We found significant differences when comparing the PRE with POST sequential cohorts (P, .01). CONCLUSION The quality of Lynch syndrome–related family histories and screening rates were significantly improved after implementation in our Hispanic-rich population. Future studies are warranted to provide insight into clinical effects of increased screening, provider and patient surveillance, and screening-related systemic barriers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E948-E957
JournalJCO Oncology Practice
Volume16
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Health Policy
  • Oncology(nursing)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Implementation of universal tumor screening of colorectal cancer for detection of lynch syndrome at a hispanic-rich county hospital'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this