Background: Despite availability of asthma self-management interventions for children, few have been implemented in community-based settings. Objective: To describe implementation of the Inner-City Asthma Intervention and factors associated with higher rates of program completion by enrollees. Methods: Descriptive analyses of data from multiple data sources. Two-tailed Pearson correlation coefficients and analyses of variance were used to calculate associations of descriptive variables with the retention rate (percentage of enrolled children who completed the core intervention and had more than 1 follow-up visit) and with the percentage who had allergy testing done. Results: A total of 4,174 children were enrolled at 22 sites; 2,153 (52%) completed the core intervention and had more than 1 follow-up visit. A total of 2,014 enrolled children (48%) were tested for allergies. Retention was related to type and location of site, ease of obtaining written plans, language and ethnicity of asthma counselor, and on-site allergy testing. Higher rates of allergy testing were associated with the same factors, as well as flexibility in scheduling and selective enrollment of participants. Conclusions: Inner-city children with asthma can be enrolled in the Inner-City Asthma Intervention outside a controlled research setting. However, completion of all intervention components is difficult to achieve. We identify having an asthma counselor who is representative of the community, access to asthma action plans, and on-site allergy testing as factors that facilitate the implementation of this intervention in community-based settings.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine