Impact of statins and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors on mortality of subjects hospitalised with pneumonia

E. M. Mortensen, M. J. Pugh, L. A. Copeland, Marcos Restrepo, J. E. Cornell, A. Anzueto, Jacqueline A Pugh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

115 Scopus citations


Recent studies suggest that statins and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors may have beneficial effects for some types of infections. The present study aimed to examine the association of outpatient use of these medications on 30-day mortality for subjects aged >65 yrs and hospitalised with community-acquired pneumonia. A retrospective national cohort study was conducted using the Department of Veterans Affairs administrative data including subjects aged ≥65 yrs hospitalised with community-acquired pneumonia, and having ≥1 yr of prior Veterans Affairs outpatient care. In total, 8,652 subjects were identified with a mean age of 75 yrs, 98.6% were male, and 9.9% of subjects died within 30 days of presentation. In this cohort, 18.1% of subjects were using statins and 33.9% were using ACE inhibitors. After adjusting for potential confounders, current statin use (odds ratio (OR) 0.54, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.42-0.70) and ACE inhibitor use (OR 0.80, 95% CI 0.68-0.89) were significantly associated with decreased 30-day mortality. Use of statins and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors prior to admission is associated with decreased mortality in subjects hospitalised with community-acquired pneumonia. Randomised controlled trials are needed to examine whether the use of these medications in patients hospitalised with community-acquired pneumonia may be beneficial. Copyright

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)611-617
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2008


  • 3-Hydroxl-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitor
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor
  • Mortality
  • Pneumonia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Impact of statins and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors on mortality of subjects hospitalised with pneumonia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this