Impact of rural residence on the presentation, management and survival of patients with non-metastatic muscle-invasive bladder carcinoma

Furkan Dursun, Ahmed Elshabrawy, Hanzhang Wang, Dharam Kaushik, Michael A. Liss, Robert S. Svatek, John L. Gore, Ahmed M. Mansour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Purpose: To assess the impact of rural and remote residence on the receipt of guidelines-recommended treatment, quality of treatment and overall survival (OS) in patients with non-metastatic muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). Materials and Methods: Patients with MIBC were identified using National Cancer Database. Patients were classified into three residential areas. Logistic regression models were used to assess associations between geographic residence and receipt of radical cystectomy (RC) or chemoradiation therapy (CRT). Models were fitted to assess quality benchmarks of RC and CRT. Results: We identified 71,395 patients. Of those 58,874 (82.5%) were living in Metro areas, 8,534 (11.9%) in urban-rural adjacent (URA), and 3,987 (5.6%) in urban-rural remote to metro area (URR). URR residence was significantly associated with poor OS compared to URA and Metro residence (HR 0.87, 95% CI 0.81–0.94 and HR 0.90, 95% CI 0.87–0.93, p<0.001). There was no difference in the likelihood of receiving RC and CRT among different residential areas. Among patients who underwent RC; individuals living in URR were less likely to receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy and adequate lymph node dissection, and had a higher probability of positive surgical margin than those living in metro areas. For those who received CRT; individuals living in Metro areas were more likely to receive concomitant systemic therapy compared to URR. Conclusions: Rural residence is associated with lower OS for MIBC patients and less likelihood of meeting quality benchmarks for RC and CRT. This data should be used to guide further health policy and allocation of resources for rural population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)561-571
Number of pages11
JournalInvestigative and Clinical Urology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2023


  • Chemoradiotherapy
  • Cystectomy
  • Rural population
  • Urban population
  • Urinary bladder neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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