Impact of Infection on Stroke Morbidity and Outcomes

Chad M. Miller, Reza Behrouz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Each year, millions of persons worldwide are disabled by stroke. The burden of stroke is expected to increase as a consequence of growth in our elderly population. Outcome is dependent upon limitation of secondary medical processes in the acute setting that lead to deterioration and increased long-term disability. The prevalence of infection after stroke is greater that seen in other medical conditions with similar acuity and its impact upon morbidity and mortality is substantial. Physical impairment and immune modulation are chief determinants in rate of infection after stroke. Each of these factors has been a target for therapeutic intervention. Current best practices for acute stroke management implement strategies for prevention, prompt identification, and treatment of infection. Novel therapies are currently being explored which have the opportunity to greatly minimize infectious complications following stroke. Fever commonly accompanies infection and independently influences stroke outcome. Targeted temperature management provides an additional chance to improve stroke recovery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number83
JournalCurrent Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Volume16
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Keywords

  • Cerebrovascular disease
  • Infection
  • Ischemic stroke
  • Pneumonia
  • Stroke
  • Stroke outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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