Impact of diabetes and comorbidities on split-thickness skin grafts for foot wounds

Crystal L. Ramanujam, David Han, Sharon Fowler, Krista Kilpadi, Thomas Zgonis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Background: Split-thickness skin grafts can be used for foot wound closure in diabetic and nondiabetic patients. It is unknown whether this procedure is reliable for all diabetic patients, with or without comorbidities of diabetes, including cardiovascular disease, neuropathy, retinopathy, and nephropathy. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 203 patients who underwent this procedure to determine significant differences in healing time, postoperative infection, and need for revisional surgery and to create a predictive model to identify diabetic patients who are likely to have a successful outcome. Results: Overall, compared with nondiabetic patients, diabetic patients experienced a significantly higher risk of delayed healing time and postoperative complication/infection and, hence, are more likely to require revisional surgery after undergoing the initial splitthickness skin graft procedure. These differences seemed to be related more to the presence of comorbidities than to diabetic status itself. Diabetic patients with preexisting comorbidities experienced a significantly increased risk of delayed healing time and postoperative infection and a higher need for revisional surgery compared with nondiabetic patients or diabetic patients without comorbidities. However, there were no significant differences in outcome between diabetic patients without comorbidities and nondiabetic patients. Conclusions: For individuals with diabetes but without exclusionary comorbidities, splitthickness skin grafting may be considered an effective surgical alternative to other prolonged treatment options currently used in this patient population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)223-232
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Podiatry
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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