Immunization with recombinant macaque major histocompatibility complex class I and II and human immunodeficiency virus gp 140 inhibits simian-human immunodeficiency virus infection in macaques

Gui Bo Yang, Yufei Wang, Kaboutar Babaahmady, Jørgen Schøller, Durdana Rahman, Evelien Bunnik, Ralf Spallek, Chun Miao Zong, Jia Zhong Duan, Chuan Qin, Hong Jiang, Mahavir Singh, Robert Vaughan, Lesley A. Bergmeier, Hanneke Schuitemaker, Yiming Shao, Thomas Lehner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Genetic, epidemiological and experimental evidence suggest that the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is critical in controlling human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The objectives of this study were to determine whether novel recombinant Mamu MHC constructs would elicit protection against rectal challenge with heterologous simian-human immunodeficiency virus (SHIV) strain SF162.P4 in rhesus macaques. Mamu class I and II gene products were linked together with HIV gp140, simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) p27 and heat-shock protein 70 to dextran. The vaccine was administered to two groups, each consisting of nine macaques, either subcutaneously (SC), or rectally and boosted by SC immunization. The controls were untreated or adjuvant-treated animals. Repetitive rectal challenges with up to ten doses of SHIV SF162.P4 showed a significant decrease in the peak and sequential viral RNA concentrations, and three macaques remained uninfected, in the nine SC-immunized animals, compared with infection in all nine controls. Macaques immunized rectally followed by SC boosters showed a less significant decrease in both sequential and peak viral loads compared with the SC-immunized animals, and all were infected following rectal challenge with SHIV SF162.P4. Plasma and mucosal IgG and IgA antibodies to Mamu class I alleles and HIV gp120, as well as to RANTES (regulated upon activation, normal T-cell expressed, and secreted; CCR5) were increased, and showed significant inverse correlations with the peak viral load. These results suggested that allo-immunization with recombinant MHC constructs linked to HIV-SIV antigens merits further investigation in preventing HIV-1 infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1506-1518
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of General Virology
Volume93
Issue numberPART 7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

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