Imaging of Retrochiasmal and Higher Cortical Visual Disorders

Bundhit Tantiwongkosi, Noriko Salamon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Retrochiasmal visual pathways include optic tracts, lateral geniculate nuclei, optic radiations, and striate cortex (V1). Homonymous hemianopsia and field defect variants with relatively normal visual acuity suggest that the lesions involve retrochiasmal pathways. From V1, visual input is projected to higher visual association areas that are responsible for perception of objects, faces, colors, and orientation. Visual association areas are classified into ventral and dorsal pathways. Damage to the ventral stream results in visual object agnosia, prosopagnosia, and achromatopsia. Balint syndrome, visual inattention, and pure alexia are examples of dorsal stream disorders. Posterior cortical atrophy can involve ventral and dorsal streams, often preceding dementia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)411-424
Number of pages14
JournalNeuroimaging Clinics of North America
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Lateral geniculate nucleus
  • MR imaging
  • Optic radiation
  • Optic tract
  • Striate cortex
  • Visual association areas
  • Visual cortex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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