Imaging of ovarian teratomas: Appearances and complications

S. Choudhary, N. Fasih, M. Mc Innes, C. Marginean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ovarian teratomas are the most common germ cell neoplasm. Subtypes of teratoma include mature cystic, immature and the monodermal teratomas. The benign cystic teratoma shows typical imaging manifestations and can be complicated by torsion, rupture and uncommonly malignant degeneration. Uncommon subtypes of teratomas include the immature, which is usually malignant at diagnosis. The growing teratoma syndrome is an uncommon complication reported in patients treated for immature teratomas. The monodermal teratomas which include the struma ovarii may also have specific imaging characteristics that should be recognised on imaging. This paper aims to provide a comprehensive review describing the spectrum of imaging findings of these ovarian tumours and associated complications

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)480-488
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Volume53
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 14 2009

Keywords

  • Dermoid cyst
  • Neoplasm germ cell
  • Struma ovarii
  • Teratoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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