Imaging of Orbital Trauma and Emergent Non-traumatic Conditions

Blair A. Winegar, Juan E. Gutierrez

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Diagnostic imaging has become critical in the care of patients suffering from traumatic or nontraumatic emergent orbital conditions. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) has become the standard imaging modality for assessing orbital trauma because of its accurate assessment of orbital skeletal and soft tissues injuries. Contrast-enhanced MR imaging is the first-line examination in the assessment of nontraumatic orbital conditions given its excellent evaluation of the orbital soft tissues. Conventional angiography is necessary in some vascular orbital complications and allows for endovascular treatment. This article discusses the spectrum of orbital pathology encountered in the imaging of orbital trauma and nontraumatic orbital emergencies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)439-456
Number of pages18
JournalNeuroimaging Clinics of North America
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Carotid-cavernous fistula
  • Facial fractures
  • Intraocular foreign body
  • Open globe injury
  • Orbital emergencies
  • Orbital infection
  • Orbital inflammation
  • Orbital trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology


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