Coronary artery interventions and surgical procedures are used in the treatment of coronary artery disease and some congenital heart diseases. Cardiac and noncardiac complications can occur at variable times after these procedures, with the clinical presentation ranging from asymptomatic to devastating symptoms. Invasive coronary angiography is the reference standard modality used in the evaluation of coronary arteries, with intravascular US and optical coherence tomography providing high-resolution information regarding the vessel wall. CT is the mostly commonly used noninvasive imaging modality in the evaluation of coronary artery intervention complications and allows assessment of the stent, lumen of the stent, lumen of the coronary arteries, and extracoronary structures. MRI is limited to the evaluation of the proximal coronary arteries but allows comprehensive evaluation of the myocardium, including ischemia and infarction. The authors review the clinical symptoms and pathophysiologic and imaging features of various complications of coronary artery interventions and surgical procedures. Complications of percutaneous coronary interventions are discussed, including restenosis, thrombosis, dissection of coronary arteries or the aorta, coronary wall rupture or perforation, stent deployment failure, stent fracture, stent infection, stent migration or embolism, and reperfusion injury. Complications of several surgical procedures are reviewed, including coronary artery bypass grafting, coronary artery reimplantation procedure (for anomalous origin from opposite sinuses or the pulmonary artery or as part of surgical procedures such as arterial switching surgery and the Bentall and Cabrol procedures), coronary artery unroofing, and the Takeuchi procedure.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging