IL-4 activates a latent DNA-binding factor that binds a shared IFN-γ and IL-4 response element present in the germ-line γ1 Ig promoter

M. T. Berton, L. A. Linehan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

IL-4 regulates transcription of the germ-line γ1 Ig gene in murine B cells and by doing so targets this isotype for switch recombination by an unknown mechanism. In this study, we have identified an IL-4-induced DNA- binding protein factor in murine B cells designated NF-IL-4-γ1. This factor binds specifically to a site within a 13-bp DNA sequence extending from -125 to -113 (5' CATTCACATGAAG 3') in the germ-line γ1 promoter and shown previously to be important for IL-4-responsive transcription. This sequence is highly homologous to the IFN-γ activation site or GAS, and competitive binding studies demonstrate that NF-IL-4-γ1 can also bind to GAS elements in the promoters of two IFN-γ-responsive genes and to an IL-4-responsive element in the germ-line ε Ig promoter. NF-IL-4-γ1 is rapidly induced in the absence of de novo protein synthesis and expression is sustained through day 4 of in vitro culture with IL-4 and LPS. Induction of NF-IL-4-γ1 is inhibited by the kinase inhibitor staurosporine and the factor itself requires phosphorylation for binding activity. The binding specificity and expression characteristics of NF-IL-4-γ1 suggest identity with other recently described IL-4-activated, GAS-binding factors that are members of the signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) family of cytokine-responsive transcription factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4513-4525
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume154
Issue number9
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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