Resveratrol, a well-established phytoestrogen and chemopreventive agent, has gained much attention among oncologists because it can act as both estrogen receptor agonist and antagonist, depending on dosage and cell context. It is increasingly accepted that steroidal receptor coregulators may also function in the cytoplasmic compartment. Deregulation and altered localization of these coregulators could influence target gene expression and participate in the development of hormone-responsive cancers. Proline-, glutamic acid-, and leucine-rich protein-1(PELP1 ), a novel estrogen receptor (ER) coactivator, plays an important role in the genomic and nongenomic actions of ER. Furthermore, recent studies have shown that differential compartmentalization of PELP1 could be crucial in modulating sensitivity to tamoxifen. In this study, we investigated the role of PELP1 in resveratrol-induced autophagy in lung cancer and salivary gland adenocarcinoma cell lines. Resveratrol reversibly inhibited the growth of these cancer cell lines and induced autophagy, as evidenced by microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) up-regulation in a time-dependent and 3-methyladenine-sensitive manner. Confocal microscopic analysis showed that resveratrol induced PELP1 accumulation in autophagosomes with green fluorescent protein-LC3. The intermediary molecule involved in PELP1 accumulation in resveratrol-induced autophagosomes is hepatocyte growth factor-regulated tyrosine kinase substrate (HRS), a trafficking molecule that binds to PELP1. These results identify PELP1 for the first time in autophagosomes, implying that both PELP1 and HRS reallocate to autophagosomes in response to resveratrol treatment, which might be important in the process of autophagy in the cancer cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research