Identifying the essential components of cultural competence in a Chinese nursing context: A qualitative study

Duanying Cai, Wipada Kunaviktikul, Areewan Klunklin, Acharaporn Sripusanapan, Patricia Kay Avant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

This qualitative study using semi-structured interviews was conducted to identify the essential components of cultural competence from the perspective of Chinese nurses. A purposive sample of 20 nurse experts, including senior clinical nurses, nurse administrators, and educators in transcultural nursing, was recruited. Using thematic analysis, four themes: awareness, attitudes, knowledge, and skills, with two subthemes for each, were identified. Notably, culture in China was understood in a broad way. The participants’ responses focused upon demographic attributes, individuality, and efforts to facilitate quality care rather than on the cultural differences of ethnicity and race and developing the capacity to change discrimination or health disparities. A greater understanding of cultural competence in the Chinese nursing context, in which a dominant cultural group exists, is essential to facilitate the provision of culturally competent care to diverse populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-162
Number of pages6
JournalNursing and Health Sciences
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2017

Keywords

  • China
  • cultural competence
  • nurses
  • qualitative study
  • semi-structured interview
  • transcultural

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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