Duplication of a segment of the long arm of human chromosome 3 (3q26.3- q27) results in a syndrome characterized by multiple congenital abnormalities and neurological anomalies in some patients. We have identified a novel gene (KCNMB3) that maps to this region. KCNMB3 has significant sequence similarity to the regulatory subunit of the large-conductance calcium-activated potassium channel. Due to the significance of potassium channels in neuronal functions, the overexpression of this gene may play a role in the abnormal neurological functions seen in some of these patients. A related sequence corresponding to the second and third exons of this gene resides in the pericentromeric region of 22q11, where a number of other unprocessed pseudogenes are known to map.
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