Identification of a functional phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate binding site in the epithelial Na+ channel

Oleh Pochynyuk, Alexander Staruschenko, Qiusheng Tong, Jorge Medina, James D. Stockand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

Membrane phospholipids, such as phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PI(3,4,5)P3), are signaling molecules that can directly modulate the activity of ion channels, including the epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC). Whereas PI(3,4,5)P3 directly activates ENaC, its binding site within the channel has not been identified. We identify here a region of γ-mENaC just following the second trans-membrane domain (residues 569-583) important to PI(3,4,5)P3 binding and regulation. Deletion of this track decreases activity of ENaC heterologously expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells. K-Ras and its first effector phosphoinositide 3-OH kinase (PI3-K), as well as RhoA and its effector phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase increase ENaC activity. Whereas the former, via generation of PI(3,4,5)P 3, increases ENaC open probability, the latter increases activity by increasing membrane levels of the channel. Deletion of the region just distal to the second trans-membrane domain disrupted regulation by K-Ras and PI3-K but not RhoA and phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase. Moreover, PI(3,4,5)P3 binds ENaC with deletion of the region following the second transmembrane domain disrupting this interaction and disrupting direct activation of the channel by PI(3,4,5)P3. Mutation analysis revealed the importance of conserved positive and negative charged residues as well as bulky amino acids within this region to modulation of ENaC by PI3-K. The current results identify the region just distal to the second trans-membrane domain within γ-mENaC as being part of a functional PI(3,4,5)P3 binding site that directly impacts ENaC activity. Phospholipid binding to this site is probably mediated by the positively charged amino acids within this track, with negatively charged and bulky residues also influencing specificity of interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37565-37571
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume280
Issue number45
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 11 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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