OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of hypoxia on isolated human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSC) in vitro.
METHODS: hPDLSC were exposed to normoxia (20% O(2)) and hypoxia (1.5% - 2% O(2)). Total cellular RNA and protein were collected on day 1, 2, 4 and 6 after culture. Western analysis and semi-quantitative RT-PCR were used to analyze osteogenic differentiation of hPDLSC, including alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteocalcin (OCN), secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2).
RESULTS: In the first two days hypoxia slightly increased the growth of hPDLSC [A value was 0.697(hypoxia) vs 0.617 (nomoxia)] and after the third day hypoxia dramatically decreased the growth of the hPDLSC [A value was 0.870(hypoxia) vs 1.242 (nomoxia)]. Up to 90% reduction of ALP activity was observed in hPDLSC after 5 days of hypoxia [A value was 0.004(hypoxia) vs 0.049(nomoxia)]. Hypoxia decreased SPARC expression at protein level and down-regulated ALP, OCN and BMP-2 expression at mRNA level in comparison with nomoxia.
CONCLUSIONS: Hypoxia inhibited proliferation of hPDLSC and down-regulated BMP-2 mRNA expression, then down-regulated their target genes such as ALP, OCN, and SPARC, thus inhibiting critical steps in osteogenic differentiation of hPDLSC.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Zhonghua kou qiang yi xue za zhi = Zhonghua kouqiang yixue zazhi = Chinese journal of stomatology|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2009|
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