Hydrogen Sulfide in Renal Physiology and Disease

Denis Feliers, Hak Joo Lee, Balakuntalam S. Kasinath

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Significance: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has only recently gained recognition for its physiological effects. It is synthesized widely in the mammalian tissues and regulates several biologic processes ranging from development, angiogenesis, neurotransmission to protein synthesis. Recent Advances: The aim of this review is to critically evaluate the evidence for a role for H2S in kidney function and disease. Critical Issues: H2S regulates fundamental kidney physiologic processes such as glomerular filtration and sodium reabsorption. In kidney disease states H2S appears to play a complex role in a context-dependent manner. In some disease states such as ischemia-reperfusion and diabetic kidney disease it can serve as an agent that ameliorates kidney injury. In other diseases such as cis-platinum-induced kidney disease it may mediate kidney injury although more investigation is needed. Recent studies have revealed that the actions of nitric oxide and H2S may be integrated in kidney cells. Future Directions: Further studies are needed to understand the full impact of H2S on kidney physiology. As it is endowed with the properties of regulating blood flow, oxidative stress, and inflammation, H2S should be investigated for its role in inflammatory and toxic diseases of the kidney. Such in-depth exploration may identify specific kidney diseases in which H2S may constitute a unique target for therapeutic intervention. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 25, 720-731.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)720-731
Number of pages12
JournalAntioxidants and Redox Signaling
Volume25
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016

Keywords

  • Acute kidney injury
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Diabetic kidney disease
  • Hypertension
  • Renal physiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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