Hydralazine kinetics in hypertensive patients after intravenous administration

T. M. Ludden, A. M.M. Shepherd, J. L. McNay, M. S. Lin

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Abstract

Previous studies on intravenous hydralazine kinetics have been performed using nonselective analytical techniques that measure not only hydralazine but also certain hydralazine metabolites such as hydralazine pyruvic acid hydrazone (HPH). We studied the time course of hydralazine and HPH in eight hypertensive patients after 0.3 mg/kg intravenously with selective high-pressure liquid chromatographic assays. "Apparent" hydralazine concentrations were also determined using a nonselective gas-liquid chromatographic procedure. Total plasma clearance, CLT [72.9 ± 4.9 (SEM) ml · min-1 · kg-1], apparent volume of distribution, Vdarea (5.83 ± 0.30 1 · kg-1), steady-state volume of distribution, Vdss (1.83 ± 0.17 · kg-1), and terminal half-life, t 1 2 (53.7 min, harmonic mean) were independent of acetylator phenotype. The high CLT is compatible with rapid intravascular conversion of hydralazine to HPH and a high hepatic extraction ratio. Peak HPH concentrations occurred 10 to 60 min after dose; mean HPH t 1 2 was 239 min. "Apparent" hydralazine concentrations were usually highest in the 2-min plasma sample and declined with a mean t 1 2 of 296 min. Reports based on nonselective assay methods have underestimated CLT, Vdss, and Vdarea and have overestimated the t 1 2 of hydralazine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)736-742
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1980

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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