Transferrin (TF) is a plasma protein that transports and is regulated by iron. The aim of this study was to characterize human TF gene sequences that respond in vivo to cellular signals affecting expression in various tissues and to iron administration. Chimeric genes were constructed containing 152, 622, and 1152 base pairs (bp) of the human TF 5'-flanking region with the coding region of a reporter gene, CAT (chloramphenicol acetyltransferase), and introduced into the germ line of mice. Transgenes containing TF 5'-flanking sequences to -152 bp were expressed poorly in all tissues examined. In contrast, transgenes containing TF sequences to -622 or -1152 bp were expressed at high levels in brain and liver, ≥ 1000-fold higher than tissues such as heart and testes. Liver and brain are major sites of endogenous TF mRNA synthesis, but liver mRNA levels are 10-fold higher than brain. A significant diminution of CAT enzymatic activity in liver accompanied iron administration in both TF(0.67) and TF(1.2)CAT transgenic mice, mimicking the decrease of transferrin in humans following iron overload. Levels of endogenous plasma transferrin also decreased in iron-treated transgenic mice. Transgenic mouse lines carrying human TF chimeric genes will be useful models for analyzing the regulation of human transferrin by iron and for determining the molecular basis of transferrin regulation throughout mammalian development into the aging process.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology